UNDERSTANDING TUFTED RUGS
VIDEO TRANSCRIPT BELOW:
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WHAT ARE TUFTED RUGS?
In the short video above, we talk about tufted rugs. You’ll learn what they are, how they’re made and you’ll also discover that these rugs have some common issues.
You’ll know how to identify these issues and what to do about them. Tufted rugs are different in construction and quality from woven rugs. Each knot on a woven rug is hand-tied but on a tufted rug each loop is created using a tool called a tufting gun.
The back of the rug is then coded with a latex glue which holds the tuffs in place and usually those are quaff materials sawn under the back to cover up the glue. If your rug has a material backing on it, it’s probably tufted. Although some needle points and hooked rugs have material on the back as well.
About 5% of the tufted rug market is very high-end, custom designed and custom-made rugs with excellent fibers, dyes, and construction and these rugs are sold for thousands and sometimes tens of thousands of dollars.
The other 95% are lower-end products coming from India and China and sold through large online retailers and megastores. The great thing about these lower-end rugs is that they make wool rugs very affordable but this affordability comes with a shorter life-span and an assortment of cleaning and use problems, because corners have been cut in order to produce them at a lower price.
Here are some common issues with many tufted rugs:
First of all, many tufted rugs manufacturers primarily in India, mix powdered marble casting with the latex glue. This weakens the glue and can lead to premature cracking, powdering and delamination of the tuffs.
The person with the tufting gun follows stencil marks on the backing of the rug to create the patterns on the rug. Sometimes those stencil marks aren’t color-fast and any type of liquid that reaches the backing of the rug, including spills and even washing the rug, can cause those marks to bleed through the surface fibers of the rug, staining them often permanently.
Unfortunately, there really isn’t any way to know if the stencil marks on a rug are color-fast or not until you have a problem. This is a manufacturing flaw and any reputable manufacturer of rugs should replace a rug with this type of problem. This problem occurs most often from Chinese tufted rugs manufacturers.
Sometimes the latex glue used in the manufacturing process becomes sour or rotten. This bad latex can cause serious odor issues that can’t be fixed. Sometimes this odor is an issue when the rug is new, and sometimes the problem shows up as the rug ages. Again, this is a manufacturing flaw that any reputable manufacturer should replace. We see this problem most often in a low-priced tufted rugs from India.
The other common odor issue can happen with any type of latex rug as a result of pet stains. Pet urine can soak into and combine with the latex layer of the rug and can often be impossible to remove.
Because the layer of latex doesn’t let the floor under the rug breathe, it is possible for lower-end tufted rugs to have mildew on the cotton backing of the rug. This is especially true in humid areas. This mildew can create an odor and can trigger allergies in those with mildew sensitivity. Rug pads can help prevent this problem.
For questions concerning tufted rugs or any type of rug cleaning, please call (732) 244-8080 and be sure to comment on our video in the comments below.
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